This pest spotlight features the pest we know as the fly. While Aussies are generally used to the presence of flies, and while this might make it seem like they are an innocuous nuisance, this is not the case. When it comes to flies, a household infestation is more than just a frustration. A fly problem can bring with it health problems like disease, and flies have the potential to contaminate surfaces and food. Flies can be a problem year-round, which is why it is important to be aware of them and to know where to go for pest control services when you need them.
What are Flies?
Flies are a type of insect, and they are of the order Diptera, a word of Greek derivation that loosely translates to “two wings”. This is because insects of the Diptera order fly using one pair of highly developed wings. This order is extremely large, with approximately 1 million different species of fly.
Flies have large eyes, a mobile head, and mouths that are designed for either piercing and sucking, or lapping and sucking, depending on the type of fly. In addition to this, flies possess pads on their feet as well as claws which both enable them to land on and cling to surfaces that are smooth. No doubt, the greatest asset of the fly is the feature they were named for – their wings. These wings have evolved for optimum maneuverability when they are flying, and due to this, they can fly at high speeds and rotate in the air with ease.
Flies are found all across the world, and on each continent except for Antarctica. While there are about 1 million different species, approximately 125,000-150,000 have been formally described. This means that while up to 150,000 species have been investigated intensively, there remain many different species that have yet to be formally studied.
What is the Life Cycle of a Fly?
The life cycle of flies is actually quite complex and is separated into four life stages. First is the egg stage, which is generally very brief. Most female flies lay eggs in any number from 1 to 250, and some lay further successive batches of eggs.
This is usually followed quickly by the larva stage, with eggs hatching into larvae after days, or in some cases, just a few hours. This stage is usually relatively long compared to the adult life of a fly. Most larvae develop in an environment that provides protection, such as fruit and vegetable matter and fungi, or else in a totally aquatic environment.
Next is the pupa stage, when pupae take on various different forms depending on their particular grouping. Pupae possess all of the external adult features of flies, such as their legs, wings, and antennae. However, in this stage, the pupae may be encased in some form of a cocoon, or in some cases, another type of matter like silk, or soil.
Later, an adult fly will emerge from the pupa. In this stage, the fly is born with colourless skin, and in taking its first breaths, it expands which begins to force blood around its body. The adult life of a fly is short, and during this time its only function is to mate, carrying on the circle of life.
When are Flies Considered a Pest?
Flies are considered a pest because they have the ability to carry and transmit disease and infection. This is both due to the fact that their bodies are covered with hair and because they frequently fly between areas of dirt and waste and places associated with food, like kitchens. Unfortunately, flies can transmit diseases such as dysentery and hepatitis, as well as salmonella. This is why the fly is actually a dangerous pest, as opposed to just an irritating nuisance.
How Can I Prevent a Fly Infestation?
The key to preventing a household fly infestation is the same as preventing infestations of ants, rats, and many other types of pests: cleanliness. Keeping a clean and tidy environment is critical for keeping pests like flies away because as shown by their life cycle, they are attracted to waste and dirt. Ensuring that your house is clean at all times can help with preventing a fly problem.
Further, making sure that you don’t leave doors or windows open, and that there are no holes in your flyscreens can help to keep flies out of your home. In addition, keeping food properly covered and stored away at all times can help to prevent flies from landing on and contaminating food.
When you do have a fly infestation, it is critical to contact the experts in pest control. That way, you can rest assured that your fly problem will be taken care of in the most professional, safe, and effective way possible.
Do You Need Pest Control Services?
Look no further than Infinity Pest Solutions. As a family-owned business, we can offer you professional pest control services, alongside exceptional customer service. We have a team of fully trained and licensed pest controllers, and they are ready to help with all your pest problems.